Samara Space Center "TsSKB-Progress", created
by a Russian presidential decree in 1996, combines the "TsSKB"
Central Specialized Design Bureau and the "Progress"
production plant, each of which has been a key component of
the Russian and Soviet space programs for over 40 years.
The Samara Space
Center is a world leader in the design of launch vehicles, spacecraft,
and space systems. Its origins trace back to 1959 at the start
of the space age, when a branch of the Sergei Korolev's OKB-1
design bureau (now RSC Energia) was established in the city
of Kuibyshev, now known as Samara.
From there, the
Center evolved a family
of launch vehicles based upon the R-7 intercontinental ballistic
missile developed by OKB-1.
In addition to
years of experience in the manufacture of launch vehicles, the
Samara Space Center has also built numerous earth observation
and scientific satellites and has extensive facilities for spacecraft
and systems testing.